Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - A Violation Shrouded in Culture and Religion

There are more than 200 million girls and women in Africa, the Middle East and Asia who have undergone female genital mutilation. This practice shrouded in culture and religion is a violation of women’s rights and a cause for many medical complications. Below is an interview of one of such women.

Dr. Daniel tell us a little about your background

My name is Jovita Ada Daniel, an Igbo of the Eastern part of Nigeria. I am a Physiotherapist, trained and practicing in Nigeria. I started my career at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano Nigeria where I practiced from the year, 1999 to 2009. While at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, I developed an interest in Women's Health.

At what age did you undergo female genital mutilation (FGM)?

The FGM was carried out within the first two weeks of my birth as that was the practice in my hometown at that time. Thankfully, this practice is significantly lower in the community where I grew up. However, there are still some people who hold onto the belief that it is normal and even necessary to carry out circumcision on the 8th day of a girl’s life. They see it as culture and many even believe it is Biblical.

What has been most difficult for you since going through FGM?

I needed episiotomies during my first two deliveries, which I learnt later with increasing experience in Women's Health Physiotherapy, may have been related to being my being circumcised as an infant.

In what way can people be more involved in helping girls who have undergone FGM or to prevent more girls from being circumcised?

I believe that campaign against FGM should be carried into the rural areas and seminars should be organized to enlighten rural dwellers of the implications of FGM. Government and Non- Governmental Organizations need to support these campaigns. It is also very important for traditional rulers especially to be educated on the evils of FGM and be encouraged to speak to their communities since they wield clout with their followers.

Reference:

Female Genital Mutilation.
World Health Organization website http://who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/. Updated February 2016. Accessed January 18, 2017.